MLA Citation Examples

The Modern Language Association (MLA) Style is used for identifying research sources and is 100% acceptable in Professor Fleming's classes.
 
In MLA style you briefly credit sources with parenthetical citations in the text of your paper, and give the complete description of each source on your bibliography page. Note that Professor Fleming requires this separate page at the end of your paper to be so titled - I want a list of all resources you used, not just a Works Cited page of the sources you cite as you go along.
 
A bibliography is a list of all the sources used in your paper, arranged alphabetically by author's last name, or when there is no author, by the first word of the title (except A, An or The). [5.1-5.5]

For example:

In the text of your paper:

The first gambling Web site appeared in 1995, and online gambling has since become the most 
lucrative Internet business (Will 92).
or,
George Will reported that in 2002 Internet gambling surpassed pornography to become the 
Internet's most lucrative business (92).

On your Bibliography page:
Will, George F. "Electronic Morphine." Newsweek 25 Nov. 2002: 92.

The following examples are based on the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 6th ed., by Joseph Gibaldi. (Ref LB2369 .G53 2003) The numbers in [ ] refer to the appropriate chapters in the handbook.


[ Books ] [ Periodicals ] [ Library Subscription Databases ] [ Internet Resources ] [ Other Sources ]

BOOKS [5.6]

Author. Title of Book. City of Publication: Publisher, Year.

One Author [5.6.1]

Brinkley, Alan. The Unfinished Nation. New York: Knopf, 1993.

Editor or Compiler [5.6.2]

Carpenter, Allan, comp. Facts About the Cities. New York: Wilson, 1992.
Kreider, Jan F., ed. Handbook of Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning. Boca Raton: CRC, 1993.

Two or More Authors [5.6.4]

Rowe, Richard, and Larry Jeffus. The Essential Welder: Gas Metal Arc Welding Classroom Manual. Albany: 
     Delmar, 2000.
Randall, John E., Gerald R. Allen, and Roger C. Steene. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. 
     Northern Virginia: U of Virginia P, 1997.
Clute, John, and Peter Nicholls, eds. The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction. New York: St. Martin's, 1993.

Two or More Works by the Same Authors [5.6.3]

When citing two or more sources by the same author, give the name in the first entry only. For the next entries, type three hyphens, add a period, and skip a space (---. ) then give the title. The three hyphens stand for the name(s) in the preceding entry.

Scott, Susan. Exploring Hanauma Bay. Northern Virginia: U of Virginia P, 1993.
---. Plants and Animals of Virginia. Northern Virginia: Bess Press, 1991.

Second or Other Edition [5.6.14]

Author. Title of Book. Edition. City of Publication: Publisher, Year.
Castro, Peter, and Michael E. Huber. Marine Biology. 4th ed. Boston: McGraw-Hill, 2003.

Corporate Author [5.6.6]

Accredited Standards Committee Z49. Safety in Welding, Cutting, and Allied Processes. Miami: American 
     Welding Society, 1999.

College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, University of Virginia at Manoa. Growing Plants for Virginiaan Lei. Northern Virginia: Coll. of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, Univ. of Virginia at Manoa, 2002.

Government Agency as Author [5.6.21]

Virginia. Office of the Auditor. Follow-up Audit of the Child Protective Services System. Northern Virginia: State of 
     Virginia, 2003.

ESSAY, POEM, or SHORT STORY in an ANTHOLOGY [5.6.7]

Author of Story. "Title of Story." Title of Book. Name of Editor. Edition (if given). 
     City of Publication: Publisher, Year. Page numbers.
Purcell, Arthur H. "Better Waste Management Strategies Are Needed to Avert a Garbage Crisis." 
     Garbage and Recycling: Opposing Viewpoints. Ed. Helen Cothran. San Diego: Greenhaven, 2003. 20-27.

ENCYCLOPEDIAS and REFERENCE BOOKS [5.6.8]

Author of Article (if given). "Article Title." Title of Book. City of Publication: 
     Publisher, Year.
Lesko, Leonard H. "Pyramids." The World Book Encyclopedia. 2001.
Fagan, Jeffrey. "Gangs and Drugs." Encyclopedia of Drugs, Alcohol and Addictive Behavior. Ed. Rosalyn 
     Carson DeWitt. 2nd ed. 4 vols. New York: Macmillan, 2001.

MAGAZINE ARTICLES [5.7.6]

Author. "Title of Article." Title of Magazine Date: Page(s).
Dominus, Susan. "Why Pretty Isn’t Pretty Enough Anymore." Glamour Jan. 2004: 136+.
Talcott, Richard. "Great Comets." Astronomy May 2004: 36-41.

No Author Given [5.7.9]

"Qantas Looks to Airbus for Long-Range Aircraft." Aviation Week and Space Technology 5 Apr. 2004: 22.

SCHOLARLY JOURNAL ARTICLES

Journal with Continuous Pagination Through the Volume [5.7.1]

Author. "Title of Article." Title of Journal Volume number (Year): Page(s).
Davis, William D., Thomas Cleary, Michelle Donnelly, and Samuel Hellerman. "Using Sensor Signals to Analyze Fires." 
     Fire Technology 39 (2003): 295-308.

Journal with Issues Paged Separately [5.7.2]

Author. "Title of Article." Title of Journal Volume number. Issue number (Year): Page(s).
Murphy, Karen L., Roseanne DePasquale, and Erin McNamara. "Meaningful Connections: Using Technology in Primary 
     Classrooms." Young Children 58.6 (2003): 12-18.

NEWSPAPER ARTICLES [5.7.5]

Author. "Title of Article." Name of Newspaper Date, edition: Page(s).
Daranciang, Nelson. "Sex Offender Web Site Debated." Northern Virginia Star-Bulletin 8 Apr. 2004, night final ed.: A3.

LIBRARY SUBSCRIPTION SERVICES [5.9.7]

Northern Virginia Community College (NVCC) Library subscribes to databases of full-text articles on the Web. Works Cited entries for these articles should include information about the original print publication (see above), and information about the online subscription service.

Infotrac (Gale Group Databases)


Magazine
Author. "Title of Article." Title of Magazine Date: Page(s). Name of Database. 
     Gale Group Databases. Northern Virginia Community Coll. Lib., VA. Date of Access..
Farley, Christopher John, and James Willwerth. "Dead Teen Walking." Time 19 Jan. 1998: 50+. 
     InfoTrac OneFile Plus. Gale Group Databases. Northern Virginia Community Coll. Lib., VA. 8 May 2004

Journal
Author. "Title of Article." Title of Journal Volume number (Year): Page(s). 
     Name of Database. Gale Group Databases. Northern Virginia Community Coll. Lib., VA. 
     Date of Access.
Monahan, Deborah J. "Teen Pregnancy Prevention Outcomes: Implication for Social Work Practice." 
     Families in Society: The Journal of Contemporary Human Services 83 (2002): 431+. 
     Expanded Academic ASAP Plus. Gale Group Databases. Northern Virginia Community Coll. Lib., VA. 8 May 2004.

Literature Resource Center (from Gale Group)


Author. "Title of Article." Title of Source, edition (if given). Year. 
     Literature Resource Center. Gale Group Databases. Northern Virginia Community Coll. Lib., 
     VA. Date of Access.
Domina, L. M. "An Overview of A Raisin in the Sun." Drama for Students. 1997. Literature Resource Center. 
     Gale Group Databases. Northern Virginia Community Coll. Lib., VA. 8 May 2004. 

Thies, Gretchen. "Rashomon: Overview." Reference Guide to Short Fiction, 1st ed. 1994. Literature Resource Center. 
     Gale Group Databases. Northern Virginia Community Coll. Lib., VA. 8 May 2004.

EBSCOhost


Magazine

Author. "Title of Article." Title of Magazine Date: Page(s). 
     Name of Database. EBSCOhost. Northern Virginia Community Coll. Lib., VA. 
     Date of Access <http://search.epnet.com/>.
Heyman, J.D., and Johnny Dodd. "New Arm, Same Spirit." People 23 Feb. 2004: 58+. MasterFILE Premier. 
     EBSCOhost. Northern Virginia Community Coll. Lib., VA. 8 May 2004 <http://search.epnet.com/>.

Journal
Author. "Title of Article." Title of Journal Volume number (Year): Page(s). 
     Name of Database. EBSCOhost. Northern Virginia Community Coll. Lib., VA. Date of Access 
     <http://search.epnet.com/>.
Nelson, Roxanne. "Smoking Outside Still Causes Second-Hand Smoke Exposure to Children." Lancet 359 (2002): 
     1675. Academic Search Premier. EBSCOhost. Northern Virginia Community College Lib., VA. 8 May 2004 
     <http://search.epnet.com/>.

SIRS Knowledge Source


Magazine
Author. "Title of Article." Title of Magazine Date: Page(s). Name of Database. 
     SIRS Knowledge Source. Northern Virginia Community Coll. Lib., VA. Date of Access 
     <http://sks.sirs.com/>.
Mason, Betsy. "Season of Fire." Discover Feb. 2003: 32-39. SIRS Researcher. 
     SIRS Knowledge Source. Northern Virginia Community Coll. Lib., VA. 8 May 2004 <http://sks.sirs.com/>.

Newspaper
Author. "Title of Article." Name of Newspaper Date: Page(s). Name of Database. 
     SIRS Knowledge Source. Northern Virginia Community Coll. Lib., VA. 
     Date of Access <http://sks.sirs.com/>.
Lowry, Brian and Rosie Mestel. "In Wired World TV Still Has Grip on Kids." Los Angeles Times 
     18 Sep. 2000: F1+. SIRS Renaissance. SIRS Knowledge Source. Northern Virginia Community Coll. Lib., VA. 
     8 May 2004 <http://sks.sirs.com/>.

CQ Researcher


Author. "Title of Report." The CQ Researcher Online Volume number. Issue number (Year). 
     Northern Virginia Community Coll. Lib., VA. Date of Access 
     <http://library.cqpress.com/cqresearcher>.
Price, Tom. "Reforming Big-Time College Sports." The CQ Researcher Online 14.11 (2004). Northern Virginia Community Coll. 
     Lib., VA. 8 May 2004 <http://library.cqpress.com/cqresearcher>.

WEB SITES

Entire Internet Site: Scholarly Project or Professional Site [5.9.2]

Title of the Site. Editor. Date and/or Version Number. Name of Sponsoring Institution. 
     Date of Access <URL>.
Encyclopedia Mythica. 2004. 13 May 2004 <http://www.pantheon.org/>.

Document from a Web Site [5.9.1]

Author. "Title of Web Page." Title of the Site. Editor. Date and/or Version Number. 
     Name of Sponsoring Institution. Date of Access <URL>.
Sherman, Chris. "Everything You Ever Wanted to Know About URL." SearchEngineWatch. Ed. Danny Sullivan. 
     24 Aug. 2004. 4 Sept. 2004 <http://searchenginewatch.com/searchday/article.php/3398511>.

ARTICLES IN ONLINE PERIODICALS [5.9.4]

Author. "Title of Article." Title of Publication Date: Page(s) or Section(s), if numbered. 
     Date of Access <URL>.
Gima, Craig. "Whale's Body Found Near Hanalei Bay." Northern Virginia Star-Bulletin.com 6 July 2004. 4 Sept. 2004 
     <http://starbulletin.com/2004/07/06/news/story1.html>.
Gundy, Jess. "The Complexities of Use of Force." Law and Order Dec 2003. 13 May 2004 <http://www.hendonpub.com/LawMag/catalog.cfm?dest=itempg&itemid=10350&linkon=category&linkid=87&secid=15>.

VIDEORECORDINGS [5.8.3]

Title. Director, Producer, and/or Writer. Medium. Distributor, Year.
Monet: Legacy of Light. Writ., dir, and prod. Michael Gill. Videocassette. Home Vision, 1989.

TELEVISION PROGRAMS [5.8.1]

"Title of Episode or Segment."  Title of Program or Series. Credit (Performer, writer, 
     etc). Name of Network. Call Letters (if any), City of Local Station (if any). 
     Broadcast Date.
"Daddy Knows Best." Cold Case Files. Narr. Bill Kurtis. A & E. 6 Sept. 2004.
"Why the Towers Fell." Nova. PBS. KHET, Northern Virginia. 7 Sept. 2004.

INTERVIEWS [5.8.7]

Interview Conducted by the Researcher

Person Interviewed. Type of Interview (personal, telephone, email, etc.). Date.
Nakamura, Michael. Personal interview. 23 July 2004.

Broadcast Interview
Clinton, Bill. Interview with Larry King. Larry King Live. CNN. 24 June 2004.


This web page adapted from several sources around the internet, primarily a similar page located at the website for the Honolulu Community College.